Increasingly, the Construction Industry is being dramatically impacted globally by internal and external forces. These influences range from acute labor and skill shortages, demographic and urbanization shifts, as well as, the Industry’s conversion from analog-based processes to digital workflows. This presentation will overview ten significant trends which are uniquely affecting the Construction Industry, creating both new challenges and opportunities, while transforming the Construction Industry.
The ACI 562-16 Repair Code is primarily intended for the Licensed Design Professional for providing the requirements necessary for assessing and designing repairs and rehabilitation of existing concrete structures.
In June 2016, ACI published ACI 562-16,” Code Requirements for Assessment, Repair and Rehabilitation of Existing Concrete Structures and Commentary”. ACI 562-16 replaces ACI 562-13 as a standard for the repair of existing concrete structures. Significant changes to ACI 562-16 include improvements in terminology for consistency with ISO, ASCE and other documents, inclusion of requirements for level of repair based upon extent of damage present, and revisions to the interface bond provisions. The video will describe the concrete repair code, focusing on key changes made to the code and describe how the code is to be used on concrete repair projects.
The installation of externally applied FRP systems has been slow to evolve due to limitations of materials used in the field. This demonstration will show how to make the most out of the materials with efficient application methods that will save time and money.
Alkali-Silica Reaction (ASR) can cause significant damage to concrete structures including bridges, roadways, airport runways, and nuclear power plants. When reactive aggregates are included in a mix, the presence of moisture initiates a reaction between the alkaline cement paste and reactive amorphous silica. The result is a gel that continues to dilate, which may cause cracks in the concrete mass. A research program was undertaken at the University of Toronto to investigate the effects of ASR on large-scale and small-scale concrete specimens. Several specimens were constructed using reactive (ASR) concrete and non-reactive (regular) concrete, and their short-term and long-term structural and mechanical behavior were compared. In this presentation, we will discuss the results of the research program, will offer best practices to minimize the risk of ASR in concrete during placement, and will propose several strategies for repair of structures that have been degraded due to ASR.
The application of nondestructive testing and evaluation for detecting existing defects and anomalies in concrete structures will be presented. Proper inspection and assessment is an integral part of a successful repair and rehabilitation. A well-defined inspection will help asset owners and their consultants in identifying the location and extent of existing defects, and enabling them in selecting proper repair materials and optimizing the area that needs rehabilitation. Moreover, NDT methods can help identify potential defects that are not visible to the naked eye, such as early-stage delamination, corrosion, and other durability related issues. In this presentation, several cases in Canada will be demonstrated, where the results of nondestructive testing and evaluation have been used to help consultants and contractors with cost-effective and reliable repair planning. Applications of ground penetrating radar, ultrasonic pulse echo tomography, seismic tomography, will be discussed.
Arrowhead Stadium originally opened in 1972 and is known to be the home to the Super Bowl Champions Kansas City Chiefs. Renovations of the stadium completed in 2010 included adding luxury suites on the club level of the stadium. This meant that the upper seating bowl not only had to seat more than 34,000 Chief fans but also act as a "roof" for the new luxury suites. The upper seating bowl comprises L-shaped precast concrete seating risers spanning from cast-in-place concrete raker beams and is divided by sixteen expansion joints. In 2018, the planning for the upper seating bowl waterproofing program began. The goal for the repair project was to implement waterproofing upgrades to protect the concrete for the next 10 years. To add to the challenge of a large-scale waterproofing and structural repair project, the construction efforts had to include coordination with simultaneous seat replacement to be completed in a single off-season.
Matching concrete sounds simple, but there are many factors that affect color, texture, and aesthetics. There is often a challenge with using modern cementitious materials for matching older and historically manufactured cements. Whether your project is historic or contemporary, this presentation will outline materials and methodology that are important to understand when concrete matching is important. With many mid-century buildings coming of repair age, this is a critical time for understanding these concepts. The presentation will include the fundamentals of concrete materials, how cementitious materials affect concrete color, how to use color measurement technology in developing a color match mix design, how aggregate exposure affects aesthetic perception, and other helpful tips when it comes to matching concrete for durable and aesthetic results. Regionally available materials will vary, but the methodology for color matching durable repairs is fundamentally the same.